Language is one of the most fascinating aspects of human communication, and these GIRL linguists have contributed significantly to our understanding of how language works, how it changes over time, and how it reflects social structures and cultural norms. From language acquisition to language contact, these women have made significant contributions to the field of linguistics, helping to shape our understanding of language and its role in society.
Deborah Tannen (1945- )
Linguist Deborah Tannen's research has focused on how language use affects social relationships and communication. Her work has shown how gender, power, and culture influence language use and has highlighted the ways in which miscommunication can arise from differing communication styles. Tannen's book, "You Just Don't Understand: Women and Men in Conversation," is a classic work in the field of sociolinguistics and has helped us understand the ways in which language can both reflect and shape social norms.
Anne Cutler (1945- )
Psycholinguist Anne Cutler's research has focused on speech perception and how the brain processes speech sounds. Her work has shown that infants are born with the ability to distinguish between speech sounds from all languages, but as they grow older, they lose the ability to distinguish between sounds that are not used in their own language. Cutler's research has also contributed to the understanding of how the brain processes and understands language, particularly in relation to speech perception.
Mira Ariel (1952-2018)
Linguist Mira Ariel's research has focused on the semantics and pragmatics of natural language, with a particular emphasis on reference and discourse. Her work has contributed to our understanding of how speakers and listeners use language to communicate, including how they establish reference, convey information, and manage conversational flow. Ariel's book, "Defining Pragmatics," is a widely-used textbook in the field.
Annette Lareau (1948- )
Sociolinguist Annette Lareau's research has focused on social class and language use, particularly in relation to child-rearing practices. Her work has shown how social class can influence language use and has highlighted the ways in which language can both reflect and reproduce social inequality. Lareau's book, "Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life," is a seminal work in the field of sociology.
Elizabeth Closs Traugott (1937- )
Linguist Elizabeth Closs Traugott's research has focused on historical linguistics, particularly the study of language change over time. Her work has contributed to our understanding of how languages evolve and how linguistic features can shift in meaning and use over time. Traugott's book, "The Oxford Handbook of Historical Linguistics," is a comprehensive guide to the field.Elizabeth Closs Traugott (1937- ): Linguist Elizabeth Closs Traugott's research has focused on historical linguistics, particularly the study of language change over time. Her work has contributed to our understanding of how languages evolve and how linguistic features can shift in meaning and use over time. Traugott's book, "The Oxford Handbook of Historical Linguistics," is a comprehensive guide to the field.
Lila Gleitman (1939-2020)
Psycholinguist Lila Gleitman's research has focused on language acquisition and the mental representation of language. Her work has contributed to the understanding of how children learn language, particularly in relation to the acquisition of grammar and syntax. Gleitman's research has also highlighted the role of context and inference in language comprehension.
Eve Clark (1942- )
Psycholinguist Eve Clark's research has focused on language acquisition, particularly the acquisition of lexical and grammatical structures. Her work has shown how children learn language and has highlighted the role of input, context, and social interaction in language development. Clark's book, "First Language Acquisition," is a widely-used textbook in the field.
Carmen Fought (1948-2021)
Sociolinguist Carmen Fought's research has focused on the social and cultural factors that influence language use, including the intersection of language and gender. She was a professor of Linguistics at Pitzer College and made significant contributions to the field of sociolinguistics through her research on the connection between language and ethnicity. In addition to her academic work, Fought was an advocate for gender equality in language and was involved in campaigns to promote inclusive language. She passed away in 2021, leaving behind a legacy of influential research in the field of linguistics.
Suzanne Romaine is a British linguist and academic who has made significant contributions to the fields of sociolinguistics and language documentation. She is a professor of Language and Linguistics at the University of Oxford and has authored numerous books, including "Language in Society: An Introduction to Sociolinguistics" and "Language, Education and Development: Urban and Rural Tok Pisin in Papua New Guinea." Romaine has also been involved in language documentation projects around the world, working to preserve endangered languages and promote linguistic diversity.
Sacagawea (c. 1788-1812)
Sacagawea was a Shoshone interpreter and guide who accompanied the Lewis and Clark Expedition in 1804-1806. She played a critical role in the expedition's success, using her language skills to communicate with various Native American tribes and helping the group navigate through unfamiliar terrain. Her contributions to the expedition were so significant that she has become a symbol of women's empowerment and Native American resilience. Despite the many challenges she faced, including capture and forced marriage by a rival tribe, Sacagawea persevered and made history as one of the most celebrated figures of the American West
Donna Jo Napoli
Donna Jo Napoli is an American linguist and author who has published over 80 books for children and young adults. She has a PhD in Linguistics and has used her expertise to write stories that explore language and communication. Her books often incorporate elements of linguistics and mythology, and she has won numerous awards for her contributions to children's literature, including the Golden Kite Award and the Sydney Taylor Book Award. Napoli continues to inspire young readers and linguists alike with her imaginative and thought-provoking stories.
Carol Chomsky (1927-2008)
Carol Chomsky was an American linguist and education reformer who worked to promote literacy and language education. She was a professor of Linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley, and authored several influential books on language acquisition, including "The Acquisition of Syntax in Children from 5 to 10" and "The Acquisition of Phonology in Children." Chomsky was also an advocate for educational reform and played a key role in developing the Reading Recovery program, which helps struggling readers improve their literacy skills.
La Malinche (Doña Marina) (c. 1505-1529)
La Malinche, also known as Doña Marina, was a Nahua woman who served as an interpreter and advisor for the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés during the conquest of Mexico. She spoke both Nahuatl and Maya and was instrumental in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire. Her role in the conquest has been the subject of much debate and controversy, with some seeing her as a traitor and others as a victim of the colonial system. Despite this, La Malinche remains an important figure in Mexican history and has become a symbol of cultural fusion and identity.
Larissa Volokhonsky (1941-present)
Linguist and translator Larissa Volokhonsky is best known for her collaborations with her husband, Richard Pevear. Together, they have translated many Russian classics into English, including works by Leo Tolstoy, Fyodor Dostoevsky, and Anton Chekhov. Volokhonsky's expertise in both languages allows her to delve deeply into the nuances of the original text, resulting in translations that are widely praised for their accuracy and literary quality. Her translations have won numerous awards, including the PEN/Book-of-the-Month Club Translation Prize and the International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award.
Tsvia Walden (born 1946)
Linguist Tsvia Walden is a prominent figure in the study of Hebrew linguistics. She has published extensively on topics such as language acquisition, syntax, and semantics, and her work has been influential in the field of modern Hebrew linguistics. Walden has also been involved in language education, developing teaching materials for both Hebrew and English as a second language. In addition to her academic work, she is also an advocate for peace and human rights, and has served on the board of various organizations working towards these causes.
Mary Rosamund Haas (1910-1996)
Linguist Mary Rosamund Haas was a leading figure in the study of Native American languages. She conducted extensive fieldwork on various indigenous languages in North America, and her research contributed greatly to the documentation and preservation of these languages. Haas also worked on comparative linguistics, particularly in the area of tone languages. She published numerous articles and books throughout her career, including the influential book "The Prehistory of Languages".
Dorothy L. Sayers (1893-1957)
Dorothy L. Sayers was a renowned novelist, essayist, and playwright, best known for her detective novels featuring the character Lord Peter Wimsey. However, she was also a respected scholar in the field of medieval literature and language. She translated Dante's "Divine Comedy" into English and wrote extensively on the works of William Shakespeare. Sayers was also a member of the famous literary society, the Inklings, which included J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis among its members.
Kathryn Burridge (born 1951)
Linguist Kathryn Burridge is a leading expert in the study of language change and variation. Her research has focused on the English language, particularly on how it has evolved and diversified over time, as well as on the use of English in different contexts and communities. Burridge has written numerous books and articles on these topics, and her work has been influential in the field of sociolinguistics. She has also been involved in language education, developing teaching materials and curricula for language learners.
Kate Burridge (born 1958)
Linguist Kate Burridge is known for her research on the evolution of the English language and language change. She has published extensively on topics such as language variation, grammar, and usage, and her work has been influential in the field of linguistics. Burridge has also been involved in language education, developing teaching materials and resources for language learners. She is a frequent commentator on language issues in the media, and has written several popular books on the English language, including "Weeds in the Garden of Words".
As we celebrate International Women's Day, it is important to remember the contributions of women throughout history who have made significant strides in their respective fields. The field of linguistics is no exception, and the women highlighted in this article have made remarkable contributions to our understanding of language and communication. Their work serves as an inspiration to all women who strive to break barriers and make a difference in the world. Let us continue to recognize and support the achievements of women in all areas of study, and work towards a future where gender equality is a reality.